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clergy were liquidated by the N.K.V.D. following the Soviet occupation
of Eastern Poland in 1939.
The statements on the Crimean Conference issued by the two Bishops
of the Polish Orthodox Church, Bishop Sava of Grodno, and Bishop
Mateusz of Wiino3 who were fortunate in being able to escape^ are enlight-
ening enough in themselves :
" In 1939, guided by Christian morality, we ccnderrmed in our pastoral
letters to the faithful the aggression of the Hitlerite forces ... So now we
condemn the imposed activities of alien elements in Poland supported by a
foreign Power. Even more do we condemn the international attempts to
legalise this state of affairs. We declare that we, orthodox citizens of
Poland, remain faithful to the Polish State, which has been fighting the
German invader since 1939, and to its constitutional Government sitting
for the time being in London. We raise cur voices to advocate respect for
Christian principles, rights and morals in international life."
The underlying suggestion of the ei-dstence of a non-existent problem
in Eden's arguments v:as made apparently to support his inference that
there was only a small proportion of Poles in Poland's Eastern provinces
(£C no more than one third 3})5 and that the remaining population were
anxious to be incorporated into the Soviet Union.
" For three whole days of last week, Members of the House of Commons
strove, some in forthright speech, but many more inarticulately, to reconcile
their troubled consciences with their political duties., which for the most part
they interpret as the support and retention in office of Mr. Churchill's
Coalition Government/' wrote Alastair Forbes in Daily Mail. " Not since
Munich has the House seen such heart-searching, nor such cross-currents
of easy optimism and saddened pessimism."
The speakers in this Debate which was to last for three days, were
divided into two factions—those who upheld the principles at issue3
and those who faced up to the consequences of the grim reality created
by Russia's aggressive policy and admitted the facts, While Churchill did
his best to -defend the decisions on the grounds of justice,, his supporters
in the House abandoned this line and spoke of the Crimean agreement
on the Polish question as an agreement of power politics., as to a conces-
sion which was necessary, though deplorable. For in order to secure
* unity' between the Big Three for a victory in Europe and for the
establishment of world peace, the burial of the Polish Republic was
inevitable. The entire fabric of this reasoning was based on Russia's
good-will, therefore the supporters of the Prime Minister clung desperately
to their belief in this sincerity and good-will of Marshal Stalin's.
They endeavoured to convince themselves that he would carry out
in detail the paragraphs in the Crimean Agreement regarding Poland,
and thereby redeem the honour of Britain.
The supporters of the Government in the Debate did not wish to see
beyond the pressing need of the moment, for it was too much of a calamity.
They, and the masses of the British people as well, were convinced by the